Texas State Jails
Texas is the second-largest U.S. state by both area and population, and the largest state in the contiguous United States. Located in the South Central United States, Texas is bordered by Mexico to the south, New Mexico to the west, Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas to the northeast, and Louisiana to the east. Texas has an area of 268,820 square miles (696,200 km2), and a growing population of 24.7 million residents.
Houston is the largest city in Texas and the fourth-largest in the United States, while San Antonio is the second largest in the state and seventh largest in the United States. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and sixth largest United States metropolitan areas, respectively.
Throughout Texas's 254 counties there are 266 jail facilities with a combined rated capacity of 79,515 inmates. The Commission on Jail Standards enforces the state inspection and standards program. (2007)
Population in Jail:
With a population of 24 million the major crime rate in Texas increased slightly in 2009 however total violent crime dropped by about half a percent, with big declines in murder (5.1 percent) and rape (6.8 percent).The crime rate in Texas is about 18% higher than the national average rate. Property crimes account for around 88.7% of the crime rate in Texas which is 19% higher than the national rate. The remaining 13.8% are violent crimes and are about 10% higher than other states.
A 9-member Board of Criminal Justice oversees the Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) which operates 96 correctional and jail facilities (51 prisons and 45 other centers). There are 38,238 TDCJ correctional staff. (2008). A total of 122 Community Supervision and Corrections Departments within local judicial districts supervise 427,080 probationers. The TDCJ Parole Division supervises 102,921 parolees. (2008)
Texas has a rate 31% higher than the national average of incarcerated adults per 100,000. Texas has a rate 22% higher than the national average number of probationers per 100,000 people. Texas has a rate 46% higher than the national average number of parolees per 100,000 people. Taxpayers paid 40% lower than the other states per inmate in 2009 spending per inmate $17,338.