South Dakota has a rate 5% lower than the national average of incarcerated adults per 100,000, whilst the average number of probationers per 100,000 is 46% lower than the national average rate. South Dakota has a rate 29% higher than the national average number of parolees per 100,000 people. In 2009 taxpayers paid 41% lower than the other states per inmate at a cost of $16,940 in comparison to $28,689.
There are 3350 jails in the United States. The Pennington County Jail in South Dakota is one of 105 jails that have achieved accreditation by the American Correctional Association (ACA).
Every three years the jail undergoes a re-accreditation audit. The most recent audit was in 2005. The audit indicated that the jail met 100% of the 76 mandatory standards and 97.5% of the 419 non mandatory standards.
The Pennington County Jail operates a Work Release Center off site. The Work Release Center was opened in May, 2002 and has space for 108 inmates. Inmates who go to Work Release from the jail must serve a minimum of 25% of their sentence as an in-house jail trustee before being considered for work release. The inmate's prior record, current charges and behavior while in jail are reviewed before the inmate can be approved for work release. The Work Release Center also takes direct court commitments to work release. Each inmate is charged $18 per day in the center. Out-of-county and out-of-state inmates are charged $50 per day.
Indiana, located in the Midwestern United States and Great Lakes Region with approximately 6.3 million residents, is ranked 16th in population. The smallest state in the continental US west of the Appalachian Mountains. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis, the second largest of any state capital. Indiana shares its northern border with Michigan, eastern border with Ohio, southern and southeastern border with Kentucky and western border with Illinois. Throughout the state’s 92 counties there are 93 jail facilities with a combined rated capacity of 18,275 inmates. The Department of Corrections conducts jail inspections and enforces mandatory standards compliance.
County probation departments, with some state oversight, provide supervision to 131,291 probationers. The Department of Corrections supervises 10,637 parolees and administers a Community Corrections Act.
The crime rate in Indiana is in line with the national average rate. Property crimes account for around 90.8% of the crime rate in Indiana which is 4% higher than the national rate. The remaining 9.2% are violent crimes and are about 25% lower than other states. Indiana has a rate 3% higher than the national average of incarcerated adults per 100,000.
Indiana has a rate 32% higher than the national average number of probationers per 100,000 people, whilst the average number of parolees per 100,000 is 30% lower than the national rate. Taxpayers paid 31% lower than the other states per inmate in 2009, at a cost of $19,695
per inmate in comparison to the $28,689.
Lake County Indiana is the second largest in population of the ninety-two counties in the State.
The current Lake County Jail sees some inmates being placed in newly constructed 'pods'. Each pod contains cells located on two levels within the pod. In the pods, all cell doors open into a communal day room where an inmate spends 14-16 hours per day. The biggest contrast between the existing jail and the popular model is the way supervision is accomplished. In the older jail correctional officers could only supervise inmates by frequent foot patrols through the sections. With the popular concept correctional officers are located in a secure area behind one-way glass. Officers are in direct visual contact with all activity in the pod at all times. This provided 560 additional beds for a total of 1,085 beds.
The Lake County Sheriff has created a Work Release Program, which was established to help reduce the population of the Lake County Jail and offset the cost of incarceration by placing non-violent, low-risk offenders in a secured work release facility. Low-risk, non-violent offenders sentenced to the Lake County Jail and deemed eligible for work release by the sentencing judiciary are eligible for participation in the Sheriff’s Work Release Program. Residents should have demonstrated ties to family and local community. The Sheriff’s Work Release targets misdemeanant offenders, but will accept felon offenders if ordered by the judiciary, and space is available.
Under Indiana Status, the Lake County Sheriff's Work Release Program is defined as an alternative to incarceration. The staff of the S.W.R program are responsible for monitoring the individuals sentenced to this program. It is the responsibility of the sentencing judiciary to determine a candidate’s eligibility by using the criteria previously listed. The Lake County Sheriffs Work Release Unit has been an extremely successful program. The success of this program is due largely to the appropriate placement of new candidates to SWR.