North Dakota State Jails
North Dakota is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States of America, bordering the Canadian border on the north, Minnesota on the east, South Dakota on the South, Wyoming to the South West and Montana to the West, approximately about halfway between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. North Dakota, the 19th largest state by area in the U.S is also the third least populous, with about 647,000 residents as of 2009. In North Dakota there are 23 jail facilities throughout 53 counties with a combined capacity of 1,086 inmates.
The Department of Corrections Division of Field Services supervises 4,233 probationers and 374 parolees through 14 district offices throughout the state.
The crime rate in North Dakota is about 44% lower than the national average rate. Property crimes account for around 91.9% of the crime rate in North Dakota which is 41% lower than the national rate. The remaining 4.6% are violent crimes and are about 63% lower than other states.
Population in Jail:
North Dakota has a rate 50% lower than the national average of incarcerated adults per 100,000, whilst the average number of probationers per 100,000 is 55% lower than the national average rate. North Dakota has a rate 76% lower than the national average number of parolees per 100,000 people. In 2009 taxpayers paid 12% higher than the other states per inmate at a cost of $32,422 in comparison to $28,689- the national average.
North Dakotas Department of Correction offers Treatment Departments which are responsible for development of personal growth and rehabilitation programs for inmates, psychological and psychiatric services, and counseling services. A Sex Offender Treatment Program is available to assist offenders to identify inappropriate behavior and provide the personal tools to arrest those behaviors. Religious programming, spiritual guidance, and pastoral counseling are available from full-time and part-time chaplains who are both denominational and ecumenical.
The Division of Adult Services has a variety of educational programs available at James River Correctional Centre, and MRCC. Courses in General Educational Development, computer skills, job seeking skills, and resume writing are offered to inmates seeking educational opportunities. A number of educational programs are available to assist the inmate with personal and career development. College correspondence or independent study programs are available from several North Dakota institutions.
All inmates are sentenced to the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and are expected to work during their time in jail. Job assignments include janitorial, grounds maintenance, food services, laundry, property, and Rough Rider Industries. The Job Placement Committee coordinates the assignment of inmates to various jobs with the individual work supervisors. Inmates are expected to work 8 hours a day and are paid a daily wage for every day they work.
Rough Rider Industries (RRI) is the industrial work program for the Division of Adult Services. The purpose of this program is to give inmates the opportunity to be productive with their time through meaningful work experience. Inmates who make an honest effort to address their treatment and education needs and fill their remaining time with meaningful work have been far more successful in staying out of prison once they are released. It is for this reason that compliance with treatment and education programmes as well as exhibiting proper behavior are requirements to work at Rough Rider Industries. At NDSP, RRI has a furniture and upholstery factory, a sign shop, a license plate shop, and a metal factory. At the JRCC, RRI offers a cut and sew industry.
Offender Re-Entry and the Transition from Prison to Community Initiative