Hawaii State Jails
Hawaii is the newest of the 50 U.S. states (August 21, 1959), and is the only U.S. state made up entirely of islands. Occupying most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast of Australia, Hawaii has 1.3 million permanent residents along with many visitors and U.S. military personnel. Encompassing nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian Island chain, which comprises hundreds of islands, spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km). At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight "main islands" are (from the northwest to southeast) Ni?ihau, Kaua?i, O?ahu, Moloka?i, L?na?i, Kaho?olawe, Maui, and Hawai?i. The last is by far the largest and is often called "The Big Island" to avoid confusion with the state as a whole.
In Hawaii four jails, referred to as Community Correctional Centers, house detainees and offenders with sentences less than one year. They are operated by the State Division of Corrections. Probation departments in the state's four judicial districts supervise 19,097 probationers. The Field Parole Branch of the Paroling Authority, part of the Department of Public Safety, supervises 1,904 parolees.
Population in Jail:
The crime rate in Hawaii is about 5% higher than the national average rate. Property crimes account for around 92.9% of the crime rate in Hawaii which is 10% higher than the national rate. The remaining 7.4% are violent crimes and are about 40% lower than other states.
Hawaii has a rate 28% lower than the national average of incarcerated adults per 100,000, whilst their average number of probationers per 100,000 people is 15 higher than the national average.
Hawaii’s number of parolees per 100,000 people is 40% lower than the national average.
In 2009 taxpayers paid on average 25% less per inmate ($21,637) in comparison to the national average.
Hawaii's four jails offer a variety of programmes to inmates who find themselves in any of the facilities of Maui Community Correctional Center (MCCC), Hawaii Community Correctional Center (HCCC), Kauai Community Correctional Center (KCCC) or Oahu Community Correctional Center (OCCC).
Amongst these programmes are; adult basic education, GED, parenting, cognitive skills, substance abuse treatment, vocational training, work furlough and an innovative drug court program enables select pre-trial inmates, sentenced felons, and parole violators to participate in in-facility treatment services, which is followed by another 9 months of treatment in the community.
Hawaii C.C.C offers work opportunities which are available through in-facility work lines and Correctional Industries. Inmates are also able to participate in community service work lines for county, state, and non-profit organizations.
The Kauai C.C.C offers community service work lines providing a labor force on numerous projects for county and non-profit organizations. KCCC's vegetable farm is maintained by inmates, with products used by KCCC's food services unit. Excess vegetables are donated to community organizations such as senior centers.
The Oahu C.C.C. is the largest jail facility in the State of Hawaii, and is situated on 16 acres in urban Honolulu. The 950-bed facility houses pre-trial detainees. In addition to its jail functions, OCCC provides reintegration programming for male sentenced felons.